The History of Roulette: From Its Origins to Modern Variants

Roulette is a popular casino game that has a long and rich history. It is believed to have originated in 18th-century France, where it was first played in Paris. The game was created by French mathematician Blaise Pascal, who was trying to invent a perpetual motion machine. While he was unsuccessful in that endeavor, he inadvertently created one of the most iconic casino games in history.

The Evolution of Roulette

From its humble beginnings in France, roulette quickly spread to other parts of Europe and eventually made its way to the United States. In the 19th century, the game underwent several changes and variations, including the addition of the double zero pocket on the wheel in American roulette. This change gave the casino a higher house edge, making it a more profitable game for the house.

Modern Variants of Roulette

Today, there are several different variants of roulette that can be found in casinos around the world. The most popular variants include American roulette, European roulette, and French roulette. Each variant has its own set of rules and odds, making them unique and exciting to play.

American Roulette

American roulette is the most common variant of the game in the United States. The wheel has 38 pockets, including a single zero and a double zero. This gives the house a higher edge compared to European and French roulette. Despite this, American roulette remains popular in casinos across the country.

European Roulette

European roulette is the original version of the game, with a wheel that has 37 pockets, including a single zero. This gives players better odds compared to American roulette, making it a preferred choice for many gamblers. European roulette is widely available in casinos in Europe and online.

French Roulette

French roulette is similar to European roulette but has a few additional rules that can benefit players. One of the key differences is the “La Partage” rule, which allows players to receive half of their bet back if the ball lands on zero. This rule reduces the house edge and makes French roulette a popular choice for players looking to increase their chances of winning.


Roulette has come a long way since its humble beginnings in 18th-century France. From its origins as a simple gambling game to its modern variants that can be found in casinos around the world, roulette continues to be a popular and exciting game for players of all skill levels. Whether you prefer American, European, or French roulette, there is a variant of the game that will suit your preferences and give you a chance to win big at the casino.

Remember to always gamble responsibly and never bet more than you can afford to lose.

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